Archive for April 2016
Last week I was invited to attend a “Meet and Greet” with one of the USA’s five EEOC (Employment Equal Opportunity Commission) Commissioners, Charlotte A. Burrows, in the EEOC’s downtown Raleigh office. I received the invite since I am an officer of the Raleigh Business and Professional Network, Raleigh’s National Gay & Lesbian Chamber of Commerce’s affiliate chapter.
In Part 1 published earlier this week (link), I summarized how the meeting was structured and six high priority areas that the EEOC was working on shared by Ms. Burrows. Since I am a diversity consultant capable of handling all areas of diversity but with a deep expertise in the LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender) workplace and marketplace, I will expand on that subject in this “part 2.”
The most important basic point raised by Ms. Burrows is that even though sexual orientation and gender identity are not explicitly delineated as a “protected classes” in Title VII (The Civil Rights Act of 1964), the EEOC is very open to pursuing complaints in these areas. At the Federal Level, there have been an increasing number of court cases where the ruling is that employment discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity is assumed within the “sex” area of Title VII.
Ms. Burrows then mentioned two specific cases in the sexual orientation and gender identity realms:
1) In the 7th District Court Case Warnether A. Muhammad vs. Caterpillar Inc., the court initially took the position that discrimination based on sexual orientation could not be used by the plaintiff suing using Title VII. But on appeal from the EEOC, though Muhammed lost his case on other grouds, the panel did reverse its position about the invalidity of using sexual orientation discrimination in cases like these.
2) In the case of Tamara Lusardi (a transgender woman) vs. the US Army, (link to Washington Blade article) the EEOC ruled that prohibiting Tamara from using the restroom identified with her gender constituted gender discrimination under the law.
Ms. Burrows strongly made the point that the EEOC is truly “open for business” to pursue discrimination complaints based on sexual orientation and gender identity, and that over the past few years, over $3M in fines and settlements in these areas have been recorded. She further shared the statistic that in the LGBT area, about 80% of the cases coming to them are around sexual orientation and about 20% around gender identity.
During Q and A when I inquired about the dichotomy between the EEOC pursuing these cases in the light of no national ENDA (Employment Non-Discrimination Act) that includes protections based on sexual orientation or gender identity, she replied that a congressional passed ENDA law would certainly make this discussion much more “cut and dry” and send a very strong national message. However, even with the current absence of an EDNA, the EEOC will certainly still pursue LGBT discrimination cases.
As stated in part 1 of this blog, I am very grateful for the EEOC in fighting employment discrimination for ALL PEOPLE. And even in my own research I later found this very useful resource from the EEOC to assist people in addressing discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity.
The reception started with each of the 25 attendees greeting and introducing ourselves to Ms. Burrows in a reception line, then introducing ourselves briefly to the group, this followed by a 20 minute overview of the EEOC’s current top priorities and a Q and A session. I was extremely impressed with Ms. Burrows (link to online profile), who has her Bachelors Degree from Princeton and Law Degree from Yale. And I came away from the meeting proud of my country for having a body like the EEOC which is diligently and effectively assuring full rights for all workers in our country.
Ms. Burrows then quickly discussed several of the major areas the EEOC was working on:
1. Focusing on retaliation charges since they are the largest percentage of cases brought to the EEOC at 43% of the total. She also stated that retaliation is most often the easiest charge for people (juries) to understand.
2. Equal Pay for Equal Work. When equal pay for women was introduced by President John F. Kennedy in 1962, the pay differential between women and men was 41 cents on the dollar. That has now been cut in half to 21 cents, but that is still too large. Even normalizing for time in the position and other factors it is still 7 to 8 cents. The EEOC is studying lots of data to identify the hot spots or largest environments for gaps in pay so they can be addressed.
3. Providing stronger guidance on pregnant employees since there is still too high an instance of employees being fired for being pregnant.
4. LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender) concerns. The EEOC believes that sexual orientation and gender identity are indeed covered under Title VII, and they are vigorously addressing this kind of workplace discrimination. UPDATED April 28 – Link to part 2 in which I expand on the LGBT area.
5. Protection of vulnerable workers within the “underground” economy, a large number of them being undocumented immigrants working in the farming industry. She mentioned some horrific cases such as one employer routinely raping female employees with impunity since the women were powerless to report this abuse.
6. Diversity of police forces. The EEOC is teaming with the Justice Department and collecting best practices from police departments that are successfully diversifying their forces to be more representative of the communities they serve,
I am very encouraged by the work of the EEOC to ensure that every worker in our country receives fair treatment and equality under the law, which is truly the “American Way.”
Link to part 2 in which I expand on the LGBT employment discussion.